ecological and environmental protection requirements are overwhelming. in daily work, we often encounter rohs, reach, halogen-free, weee and other standards. the following editor briefly introduces the relationship between them.
what is rohs?
rohs certification is also called environmental certification, which is in line with european and american standards. it is the abbreviation of "the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment" (the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment). imports of harmful heavy metals such as cadmium cd, mercury hg, hexavalent chromium cr6 , polybrominated diphenyl ethers pbde and polybrominated biphenyls pbb have been banned by the eu from july 1, 2006.
what is reach?
reach is the acronym for registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals, which is the european union's regulations on the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals. the scope of reach regulation is very wide, basically covering all products composed of chemical substances sold on the eu market, and can be divided into three categories: substances, mixtures and articles.
substances: products composed of a single chemical component, such as toluene, formaldehyde, etc.;
mixture: a product composed of two or more substances, such as paints, adhesives, etc.;
article: a product composed of one or more substances and/or mixtures. in the production process, it is given a specific shape, appearance or design. compared with its chemical composition, it has a higher final function, such as mobile phones, computers, etc.
what is the weee directive?
the weee directive refers to the 2002/96/ec "waste electrical and electronic equipment (weee) directive (2002/96/ec)" adopted by the european parliament and council. recycling instructions for scrapped electronic and electrical equipment. in order to properly dispose of these huge amounts of electrical and electronic waste, maintain, protect and improve environmental quality, protect human health and use natural resources reasonably and carefully, while recycling precious resources.
the relationship between rohs and reach
rohs and reach interact in a complex and complementary way. if the product meets rohs requirements, it may not meet reach requirements, and vice versa. it may be necessary for the product to comply with both regulations. rohs specifically targets the electronics industry, while reach has a similar design but a broader focus.
the difference between the weee directive and the rohs directive
the weee directive and the rohs directive have similar test items but different purposes. weee is for the environmental protection of the recycling of discarded electronic products, while rohs is for the environmental protection and human safety of electronic products during use.
"rohs directive" and "weee directive" stipulate that there are 102 kinds of products in ten categories that are included in hazardous substance restriction management and scrap recycling management. the first seven categories of products are my country's main export electrical products. including large household appliances, small household appliances, information and communication equipment, consumer products, lighting equipment, electrical and electronic tools, toys, leisure and sports equipment, medical equipment (except implanted or infected products), monitoring and control equipment ,vending machine.